Commit e548935634 for qemu.org

commit e5489356349a400774c1bda60dbf78cff211e009
Author: Klaus Jensen <k.jensen@samsung.com>
Date:   Tue Mar 23 12:43:24 2021 +0100

    hw/block/nvme: fix handling of private namespaces

    Prior to this patch, if a private nvme-ns device (that is, a namespace
    that is not linked to a subsystem) is wired up to an nvme-subsys linked
    nvme controller device, the device fails to verify that the namespace id
    is unique within the subsystem. NVM Express v1.4b, Section 6.1.6 ("NSID
    and Namespace Usage") states that because the device supports Namespace
    Management, "NSIDs *shall* be unique within the NVM subsystem".

    Additionally, prior to this patch, private namespaces are not known to
    the subsystem and the namespace is considered exclusive to the
    controller with which it is initially wired up to. However, this is not
    the definition of a private namespace; per Section 1.6.33 ("private
    namespace"), a private namespace is just a namespace that does not
    support multipath I/O or namespace sharing, which means "that it is only
    able to be attached to one controller at a time".

    Fix this by always allocating namespaces in the subsystem (if one is
    linked to the controller), regardless of the shared/private status of
    the namespace. Whether or not the namespace is shareable is controlled
    by a new `shared` nvme-ns parameter.

    Finally, this fix allows the nvme-ns `subsys` parameter to be removed,
    since the `shared` parameter now serves the purpose of attaching the
    namespace to all controllers in the subsystem upon device realization.
    It is invalid to have an nvme-ns namespace device with a linked
    subsystem without the parent nvme controller device also being linked to
    one and since the nvme-ns devices will unconditionally be "attached" (in
    QEMU terms that is) to an nvme controller device through an NvmeBus, the
    nvme-ns namespace device can always get a reference to the subsystem of
    the controller it is explicitly (using 'bus=' parameter) or implicitly
    attaching to.

    Fixes: e570768566b3 ("hw/block/nvme: support for shared namespace in subsystem")
    Cc: Minwoo Im <minwoo.im.dev@gmail.com>
    Signed-off-by: Klaus Jensen <k.jensen@samsung.com>
    Reviewed-by: Gollu Appalanaidu <anaidu.gollu@samsung.com>
    Reviewed-by: Keith Busch <kbusch@kernel.org>
    Reviewed-by: Minwoo Im <minwoo.im.dev@gmail.com>

diff --git a/hw/block/nvme-ns.c b/hw/block/nvme-ns.c
index ca04ee1bac..7bb618f182 100644
--- a/hw/block/nvme-ns.c
+++ b/hw/block/nvme-ns.c
@@ -73,7 +73,7 @@ static int nvme_ns_init(NvmeNamespace *ns, Error **errp)
     /* support DULBE and I/O optimization fields */
     id_ns->nsfeat |= (0x4 | 0x10);

-    if (nvme_ns_shared(ns)) {
+    if (ns->params.shared) {
         id_ns->nmic |= NVME_NMIC_NS_SHARED;
     }

@@ -387,7 +387,8 @@ static void nvme_zoned_ns_shutdown(NvmeNamespace *ns)
     assert(ns->nr_open_zones == 0);
 }

-static int nvme_ns_check_constraints(NvmeNamespace *ns, Error **errp)
+static int nvme_ns_check_constraints(NvmeCtrl *n, NvmeNamespace *ns,
+                                     Error **errp)
 {
     if (!ns->blkconf.blk) {
         error_setg(errp, "block backend not configured");
@@ -400,12 +401,32 @@ static int nvme_ns_check_constraints(NvmeNamespace *ns, Error **errp)
         return -1;
     }

+    if (ns->params.nsid > NVME_MAX_NAMESPACES) {
+        error_setg(errp, "invalid namespace id (must be between 0 and %d)",
+                   NVME_MAX_NAMESPACES);
+        return -1;
+    }
+
+    if (!n->subsys) {
+        if (ns->params.detached) {
+            error_setg(errp, "detached requires that the nvme device is "
+                       "linked to an nvme-subsys device");
+            return -1;
+        }
+
+        if (ns->params.shared) {
+            error_setg(errp, "shared requires that the nvme device is "
+                       "linked to an nvme-subsys device");
+            return -1;
+        }
+    }
+
     return 0;
 }

-int nvme_ns_setup(NvmeNamespace *ns, Error **errp)
+int nvme_ns_setup(NvmeCtrl *n, NvmeNamespace *ns, Error **errp)
 {
-    if (nvme_ns_check_constraints(ns, errp)) {
+    if (nvme_ns_check_constraints(n, ns, errp)) {
         return -1;
     }

@@ -453,27 +474,62 @@ static void nvme_ns_realize(DeviceState *dev, Error **errp)
     NvmeNamespace *ns = NVME_NS(dev);
     BusState *s = qdev_get_parent_bus(dev);
     NvmeCtrl *n = NVME(s->parent);
+    NvmeSubsystem *subsys = n->subsys;
+    uint32_t nsid = ns->params.nsid;
+    int i;

-    if (nvme_ns_setup(ns, errp)) {
+    if (nvme_ns_setup(n, ns, errp)) {
         return;
     }

-    if (ns->subsys) {
-        if (nvme_subsys_register_ns(ns, errp)) {
+    if (!nsid) {
+        for (i = 1; i <= NVME_MAX_NAMESPACES; i++) {
+            if (nvme_ns(n, i) || nvme_subsys_ns(subsys, i)) {
+                continue;
+            }
+
+            nsid = ns->params.nsid = i;
+            break;
+        }
+
+        if (!nsid) {
+            error_setg(errp, "no free namespace id");
             return;
         }
     } else {
-        if (nvme_register_namespace(n, ns, errp)) {
+        if (nvme_ns(n, nsid) || nvme_subsys_ns(subsys, nsid)) {
+            error_setg(errp, "namespace id '%d' already allocated", nsid);
             return;
         }
     }
+
+    if (subsys) {
+        subsys->namespaces[nsid] = ns;
+
+        if (ns->params.detached) {
+            return;
+        }
+
+        if (ns->params.shared) {
+            for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(subsys->ctrls); i++) {
+                NvmeCtrl *ctrl = subsys->ctrls[i];
+
+                if (ctrl) {
+                    nvme_attach_ns(ctrl, ns);
+                }
+            }
+
+            return;
+        }
+    }
+
+    nvme_attach_ns(n, ns);
 }

 static Property nvme_ns_props[] = {
     DEFINE_BLOCK_PROPERTIES(NvmeNamespace, blkconf),
-    DEFINE_PROP_LINK("subsys", NvmeNamespace, subsys, TYPE_NVME_SUBSYS,
-                     NvmeSubsystem *),
     DEFINE_PROP_BOOL("detached", NvmeNamespace, params.detached, false),
+    DEFINE_PROP_BOOL("shared", NvmeNamespace, params.shared, false),
     DEFINE_PROP_UINT32("nsid", NvmeNamespace, params.nsid, 0),
     DEFINE_PROP_UUID("uuid", NvmeNamespace, params.uuid),
     DEFINE_PROP_UINT16("ms", NvmeNamespace, params.ms, 0),
diff --git a/hw/block/nvme-ns.h b/hw/block/nvme-ns.h
index 82340c4b25..fb0a41f912 100644
--- a/hw/block/nvme-ns.h
+++ b/hw/block/nvme-ns.h
@@ -29,6 +29,7 @@ typedef struct NvmeZone {

 typedef struct NvmeNamespaceParams {
     bool     detached;
+    bool     shared;
     uint32_t nsid;
     QemuUUID uuid;

@@ -60,8 +61,8 @@ typedef struct NvmeNamespace {
     const uint32_t *iocs;
     uint8_t      csi;
     uint16_t     status;
+    int          attached;

-    NvmeSubsystem   *subsys;
     QTAILQ_ENTRY(NvmeNamespace) entry;

     NvmeIdNsZoned   *id_ns_zoned;
@@ -99,11 +100,6 @@ static inline uint32_t nvme_nsid(NvmeNamespace *ns)
     return 0;
 }

-static inline bool nvme_ns_shared(NvmeNamespace *ns)
-{
-    return !!ns->subsys;
-}
-
 static inline NvmeLBAF *nvme_ns_lbaf(NvmeNamespace *ns)
 {
     NvmeIdNs *id_ns = &ns->id_ns;
@@ -225,7 +221,7 @@ static inline void nvme_aor_dec_active(NvmeNamespace *ns)
 }

 void nvme_ns_init_format(NvmeNamespace *ns);
-int nvme_ns_setup(NvmeNamespace *ns, Error **errp);
+int nvme_ns_setup(NvmeCtrl *n, NvmeNamespace *ns, Error **errp);
 void nvme_ns_drain(NvmeNamespace *ns);
 void nvme_ns_shutdown(NvmeNamespace *ns);
 void nvme_ns_cleanup(NvmeNamespace *ns);
diff --git a/hw/block/nvme-subsys.c b/hw/block/nvme-subsys.c
index 9fadef8cec..283a97b79d 100644
--- a/hw/block/nvme-subsys.c
+++ b/hw/block/nvme-subsys.c
@@ -43,34 +43,6 @@ int nvme_subsys_register_ctrl(NvmeCtrl *n, Error **errp)
     return cntlid;
 }

-int nvme_subsys_register_ns(NvmeNamespace *ns, Error **errp)
-{
-    NvmeSubsystem *subsys = ns->subsys;
-    NvmeCtrl *n;
-    uint32_t nsid = nvme_nsid(ns);
-    int i;
-
-    assert(nsid && nsid <= NVME_SUBSYS_MAX_NAMESPACES);
-
-    if (subsys->namespaces[nsid]) {
-        error_setg(errp, "namespace %d already registerd to subsy %s",
-                   nvme_nsid(ns), subsys->parent_obj.id);
-        return -1;
-    }
-
-    subsys->namespaces[nsid] = ns;
-
-    for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(subsys->ctrls); i++) {
-        n = subsys->ctrls[i];
-
-        if (n && nvme_register_namespace(n, ns, errp)) {
-            return -1;
-        }
-    }
-
-    return 0;
-}
-
 static void nvme_subsys_setup(NvmeSubsystem *subsys)
 {
     const char *nqn = subsys->params.nqn ?
diff --git a/hw/block/nvme-subsys.h b/hw/block/nvme-subsys.h
index aafa04b848..24132edd00 100644
--- a/hw/block/nvme-subsys.h
+++ b/hw/block/nvme-subsys.h
@@ -14,7 +14,7 @@
     OBJECT_CHECK(NvmeSubsystem, (obj), TYPE_NVME_SUBSYS)

 #define NVME_SUBSYS_MAX_CTRLS   32
-#define NVME_SUBSYS_MAX_NAMESPACES  256
+#define NVME_MAX_NAMESPACES     256

 typedef struct NvmeCtrl NvmeCtrl;
 typedef struct NvmeNamespace NvmeNamespace;
@@ -24,7 +24,7 @@ typedef struct NvmeSubsystem {

     NvmeCtrl    *ctrls[NVME_SUBSYS_MAX_CTRLS];
     /* Allocated namespaces for this subsystem */
-    NvmeNamespace *namespaces[NVME_SUBSYS_MAX_NAMESPACES + 1];
+    NvmeNamespace *namespaces[NVME_MAX_NAMESPACES + 1];

     struct {
         char *nqn;
@@ -32,7 +32,6 @@ typedef struct NvmeSubsystem {
 } NvmeSubsystem;

 int nvme_subsys_register_ctrl(NvmeCtrl *n, Error **errp);
-int nvme_subsys_register_ns(NvmeNamespace *ns, Error **errp);

 static inline NvmeCtrl *nvme_subsys_ctrl(NvmeSubsystem *subsys,
         uint32_t cntlid)
@@ -54,7 +53,7 @@ static inline NvmeNamespace *nvme_subsys_ns(NvmeSubsystem *subsys,
         return NULL;
     }

-    assert(nsid && nsid <= NVME_SUBSYS_MAX_NAMESPACES);
+    assert(nsid && nsid <= NVME_MAX_NAMESPACES);

     return subsys->namespaces[nsid];
 }
diff --git a/hw/block/nvme.c b/hw/block/nvme.c
index 0e5ba27c46..82b3d453f5 100644
--- a/hw/block/nvme.c
+++ b/hw/block/nvme.c
@@ -93,10 +93,13 @@
  *
  * nvme namespace device parameters
  * ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
- * - `subsys`
- *   If given, the namespace will be attached to all controllers in the
- *   subsystem. Otherwise, `bus` must be given to attach this namespace to a
- *   specific controller as a non-shared namespace.
+ * - `shared`
+ *   When the parent nvme device (as defined explicitly by the 'bus' parameter
+ *   or implicitly by the most recently defined NvmeBus) is linked to an
+ *   nvme-subsys device, the namespace will be attached to all controllers in
+ *   the subsystem. If set to 'off' (the default), the namespace will remain a
+ *   private namespace and may only be attached to a single controller at a
+ *   time.
  *
  * - `detached`
  *   This parameter is only valid together with the `subsys` parameter. If left
@@ -4242,7 +4245,7 @@ static uint16_t nvme_identify_ns_attached_list(NvmeCtrl *n, NvmeRequest *req)
             continue;
         }

-        if (!nvme_ns_is_attached(ctrl, ns)) {
+        if (!nvme_ns(ctrl, c->nsid)) {
             continue;
         }

@@ -4899,6 +4902,10 @@ static uint16_t nvme_ns_attachment(NvmeCtrl *n, NvmeRequest *req)

     trace_pci_nvme_ns_attachment(nvme_cid(req), dw10 & 0xf);

+    if (!nvme_nsid_valid(n, nsid)) {
+        return NVME_INVALID_NSID | NVME_DNR;
+    }
+
     ns = nvme_subsys_ns(n->subsys, nsid);
     if (!ns) {
         return NVME_INVALID_FIELD | NVME_DNR;
@@ -4920,18 +4927,23 @@ static uint16_t nvme_ns_attachment(NvmeCtrl *n, NvmeRequest *req)
         }

         if (attach) {
-            if (nvme_ns_is_attached(ctrl, ns)) {
+            if (nvme_ns(ctrl, nsid)) {
                 return NVME_NS_ALREADY_ATTACHED | NVME_DNR;
             }

-            nvme_ns_attach(ctrl, ns);
+            if (ns->attached && !ns->params.shared) {
+                return NVME_NS_PRIVATE | NVME_DNR;
+            }
+
+            nvme_attach_ns(ctrl, ns);
             __nvme_select_ns_iocs(ctrl, ns);
         } else {
-            if (!nvme_ns_is_attached(ctrl, ns)) {
+            if (!nvme_ns(ctrl, nsid)) {
                 return NVME_NS_NOT_ATTACHED | NVME_DNR;
             }

-            nvme_ns_detach(ctrl, ns);
+            ctrl->namespaces[nsid - 1] = NULL;
+            ns->attached--;

             nvme_update_dmrsl(ctrl);
         }
@@ -5822,6 +5834,12 @@ static void nvme_check_constraints(NvmeCtrl *n, Error **errp)
         params->max_ioqpairs = params->num_queues - 1;
     }

+    if (n->namespace.blkconf.blk && n->subsys) {
+        error_setg(errp, "subsystem support is unavailable with legacy "
+                   "namespace ('drive' property)");
+        return;
+    }
+
     if (params->max_ioqpairs < 1 ||
         params->max_ioqpairs > NVME_MAX_IOQPAIRS) {
         error_setg(errp, "max_ioqpairs must be between 1 and %d",
@@ -5882,75 +5900,6 @@ static void nvme_init_state(NvmeCtrl *n)
     n->aer_reqs = g_new0(NvmeRequest *, n->params.aerl + 1);
 }

-static int nvme_attach_namespace(NvmeCtrl *n, NvmeNamespace *ns, Error **errp)
-{
-    if (nvme_ns_is_attached(n, ns)) {
-        error_setg(errp,
-                   "namespace %d is already attached to controller %d",
-                   nvme_nsid(ns), n->cntlid);
-        return -1;
-    }
-
-    nvme_ns_attach(n, ns);
-
-    return 0;
-}
-
-int nvme_register_namespace(NvmeCtrl *n, NvmeNamespace *ns, Error **errp)
-{
-    uint32_t nsid = nvme_nsid(ns);
-
-    if (nsid > NVME_MAX_NAMESPACES) {
-        error_setg(errp, "invalid namespace id (must be between 0 and %d)",
-                   NVME_MAX_NAMESPACES);
-        return -1;
-    }
-
-    if (!nsid) {
-        for (int i = 1; i <= n->num_namespaces; i++) {
-            if (!nvme_ns(n, i)) {
-                nsid = ns->params.nsid = i;
-                break;
-            }
-        }
-
-        if (!nsid) {
-            error_setg(errp, "no free namespace id");
-            return -1;
-        }
-    } else {
-        if (n->namespaces[nsid - 1]) {
-            error_setg(errp, "namespace id '%d' is already in use", nsid);
-            return -1;
-        }
-    }
-
-    trace_pci_nvme_register_namespace(nsid);
-
-    /*
-     * If subsys is not given, namespae is always attached to the controller
-     * because there's no subsystem to manage namespace allocation.
-     */
-    if (!n->subsys) {
-        if (ns->params.detached) {
-            error_setg(errp,
-                       "detached needs nvme-subsys specified nvme or nvme-ns");
-            return -1;
-        }
-
-        return nvme_attach_namespace(n, ns, errp);
-    } else {
-        if (!ns->params.detached) {
-            return nvme_attach_namespace(n, ns, errp);
-        }
-    }
-
-    n->dmrsl = MIN_NON_ZERO(n->dmrsl,
-                            BDRV_REQUEST_MAX_BYTES / nvme_l2b(ns, 1));
-
-    return 0;
-}
-
 static void nvme_init_cmb(NvmeCtrl *n, PCIDevice *pci_dev)
 {
     uint64_t cmb_size = n->params.cmb_size_mb * MiB;
@@ -6180,6 +6129,18 @@ static int nvme_init_subsys(NvmeCtrl *n, Error **errp)
     return 0;
 }

+void nvme_attach_ns(NvmeCtrl *n, NvmeNamespace *ns)
+{
+    uint32_t nsid = ns->params.nsid;
+    assert(nsid && nsid <= NVME_MAX_NAMESPACES);
+
+    n->namespaces[nsid - 1] = ns;
+    ns->attached++;
+
+    n->dmrsl = MIN_NON_ZERO(n->dmrsl,
+                            BDRV_REQUEST_MAX_BYTES / nvme_l2b(ns, 1));
+}
+
 static void nvme_realize(PCIDevice *pci_dev, Error **errp)
 {
     NvmeCtrl *n = NVME(pci_dev);
@@ -6211,13 +6172,11 @@ static void nvme_realize(PCIDevice *pci_dev, Error **errp)
         ns = &n->namespace;
         ns->params.nsid = 1;

-        if (nvme_ns_setup(ns, errp)) {
+        if (nvme_ns_setup(n, ns, errp)) {
             return;
         }

-        if (nvme_register_namespace(n, ns, errp)) {
-            return;
-        }
+        nvme_attach_ns(n, ns);
     }
 }

diff --git a/hw/block/nvme.h b/hw/block/nvme.h
index 8d1806cc94..5d05ec368f 100644
--- a/hw/block/nvme.h
+++ b/hw/block/nvme.h
@@ -6,17 +6,9 @@
 #include "nvme-subsys.h"
 #include "nvme-ns.h"

-#define NVME_MAX_NAMESPACES 256
-
 #define NVME_DEFAULT_ZONE_SIZE   (128 * MiB)
 #define NVME_DEFAULT_MAX_ZA_SIZE (128 * KiB)

-/*
- * Subsystem namespace list for allocated namespaces should be larger than
- * attached namespace list in a controller.
- */
-QEMU_BUILD_BUG_ON(NVME_MAX_NAMESPACES > NVME_SUBSYS_MAX_NAMESPACES);
-
 typedef struct NvmeParams {
     char     *serial;
     uint32_t num_queues; /* deprecated since 5.1 */
@@ -234,35 +226,6 @@ static inline NvmeNamespace *nvme_ns(NvmeCtrl *n, uint32_t nsid)
     return n->namespaces[nsid - 1];
 }

-static inline bool nvme_ns_is_attached(NvmeCtrl *n, NvmeNamespace *ns)
-{
-    int nsid;
-
-    for (nsid = 1; nsid <= n->num_namespaces; nsid++) {
-        if (nvme_ns(n, nsid) == ns) {
-            return true;
-        }
-    }
-
-    return false;
-}
-
-static inline void nvme_ns_attach(NvmeCtrl *n, NvmeNamespace *ns)
-{
-    uint32_t nsid = nvme_nsid(ns);
-    assert(nsid && nsid <= NVME_MAX_NAMESPACES);
-
-    n->namespaces[nsid - 1] = ns;
-}
-
-static inline void nvme_ns_detach(NvmeCtrl *n, NvmeNamespace *ns)
-{
-    uint32_t nsid = nvme_nsid(ns);
-    assert(nsid && nsid <= NVME_MAX_NAMESPACES);
-
-    n->namespaces[nsid - 1] = NULL;
-}
-
 static inline NvmeCQueue *nvme_cq(NvmeRequest *req)
 {
     NvmeSQueue *sq = req->sq;
@@ -291,7 +254,7 @@ typedef enum NvmeTxDirection {
     NVME_TX_DIRECTION_FROM_DEVICE = 1,
 } NvmeTxDirection;

-int nvme_register_namespace(NvmeCtrl *n, NvmeNamespace *ns, Error **errp);
+void nvme_attach_ns(NvmeCtrl *n, NvmeNamespace *ns);
 uint16_t nvme_bounce_data(NvmeCtrl *n, uint8_t *ptr, uint32_t len,
                           NvmeTxDirection dir, NvmeRequest *req);
 uint16_t nvme_bounce_mdata(NvmeCtrl *n, uint8_t *ptr, uint32_t len,
diff --git a/hw/block/trace-events b/hw/block/trace-events
index 22da06986d..fa12e3a67a 100644
--- a/hw/block/trace-events
+++ b/hw/block/trace-events
@@ -51,7 +51,6 @@ hd_geometry_guess(void *blk, uint32_t cyls, uint32_t heads, uint32_t secs, int t

 # nvme.c
 # nvme traces for successful events
-pci_nvme_register_namespace(uint32_t nsid) "nsid %"PRIu32""
 pci_nvme_irq_msix(uint32_t vector) "raising MSI-X IRQ vector %u"
 pci_nvme_irq_pin(void) "pulsing IRQ pin"
 pci_nvme_irq_masked(void) "IRQ is masked"
diff --git a/include/block/nvme.h b/include/block/nvme.h
index b0a4e42916..4ac926fbc6 100644
--- a/include/block/nvme.h
+++ b/include/block/nvme.h
@@ -847,6 +847,7 @@ enum NvmeStatusCodes {
     NVME_FEAT_NOT_NS_SPEC       = 0x010f,
     NVME_FW_REQ_SUSYSTEM_RESET  = 0x0110,
     NVME_NS_ALREADY_ATTACHED    = 0x0118,
+    NVME_NS_PRIVATE             = 0x0119,
     NVME_NS_NOT_ATTACHED        = 0x011A,
     NVME_NS_CTRL_LIST_INVALID   = 0x011C,
     NVME_CONFLICTING_ATTRS      = 0x0180,